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Saturday, January 31, 2015

እውቀትዎን ይዳብሱ? ይህ የት ነው?

Robert Mugabe takes over as African Union chairman

African leaders meeting in Addis Ababa have chosen the continent's oldest head of state, Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe, as AU chairman for the coming year.

Mr Mugabe, who is 90, drew applause when he denounced colonialism.

He also spoke of the "scourge of terrorism" from Boko Haram and said there needed to be "lasting solutions" to the issue in Nigeria and Cameroon.

Earlier, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon warned of the dangers of leaders clinging to power.

Mr Mugabe has led his country since independence in 1980.

He is subject to travel bans imposed by the US and the EU because of political violence and intimidation in Zimbabwe.
'Not totally free'

Within Africa he is a divisive figure, with some seeing him as a nationalist hero and others as a despot responsible for gross human rights abuses.

Western diplomatic sources said his election to the mostly ceremonial post of AU chairman was unlikely to have much impact on relations.

In his address to leaders, Mr Mugabe spoke of the need to take advantage of Africa's mineral wealth and agricultural potential, and guard against exploitation by foreigners.

He said African countries wanted relationships with "friends", but "colonialists and imperialists" had no place in the continent.

Later, he received applause when he referred to the long-running territorial dispute in Western Sahara between Morocco and the Algerian-backed Polisario Front.

"As long as our brothers in Western Sahara are under Moroccan occupation we are not totally free," he said.

Friday, January 30, 2015

ኢንሹራንስ ከሌልዎ ቅጣቱ ይህ ነው::(YebboTax). ACA Tax Penality

ACA: Affordable Care Act (ObamaCare)
How much is your penalty if you do not have health insurance? See the table below . They may be exceptions 

እስከ ዛሬ ሜዳ ላይ የወደቀው ሃብት ገዢ አገኘ ለሁሉም እርስዎም የዚህ ሃብት ባለቤት ስለሆኑ በአመት ከ$13,000 ያገኛሉ።

You can donate blood, plasma, eggs, and sperm. Why not poop? Yes, your feces are perhaps your greatest untapped monetary resource. Thanks to a nonprofit organization called OpenBiome, you can cash in to the tune of $13,000 a year -- and save lives while you're at it.
Since 2013, OpenBiome has been processing and shipping loads of it all over the country. The frozen stool is administered to patients who are very sick with infections of a bacteria called C. difficile. The bacteria can cause extreme gastrointestinal distress, leaving some sufferers housebound. Antibiotics often help, but sometimes the bacteria rears back as soon as treatment stops. That leads to a miserable, continuous course of antibiotics.
By introducing healthy fecal matter into the gut of a patient (by way of endoscopy, nasal tubes, or swallowed capsules) doctors can abolish C. difficile for good. Finding a donor is tough business, and some patients grow so desperate that they treat themselves with fecal matter from friends and family. That's what happened to a friend of OpenBiome's founders, inspiring them to open up the first nationwide bank. So far they've shipped about 2,000 treatments to 185 hospitals around the country.

And yes, they pay for healthy poop: $40 a sample, with a $50 bonus if you come in five days a week. That's $250 for a week of donations, or $13,000 a year.
There's a catch: You don't just have to be healthy. You have to be really healthy. OpenBiome's donation procedure may be as easy as your standard bowel movement, but the selection process makes giving blood look like a walk in the park.
"It's harder to become a donor than it is to get into MIT," joked co-founder Mark Smith (who would know, as he got his PhD in microbiology there). Of the 1,000 or so potential donors who've expressed interest on his Web site over the past two years, only about 4 percent have passed the extensive medical questioning and stool testing.
The screening process can cost up to $5,000 -- so when someone makes it through, Smith and his co-founders hold on tight.
"We get most of our donors to come in three or four times a week, which is pretty awesome," Smith said. "You're usually helping three or four patients out with each sample, and we keep track of that and let you know."
Fellow co-founder Carolyn Edelstein agrees that the donors are usually in it for more than the money.
"Everyone thinks it's great that they're making money doing such an easy thing," Edelstein said, "But they also love to hear us say, 'Look, your poop just helped this lady who's been sick for nine years go to her daughter's graduation.'"
Who are these valiant donors, these chosen few? Since they have to come into the Medford, Mass. office, lots of them are Tufts University students. And plenty are recruited from the gym next door.
"It's great to have a healthy contingent of regular gym goers right there," Smith said.
For now fecal matter transplants really only have one use: treating recurring C. difficile. But OpenBiome is providing its samples to a number of trials exploring other uses.
Scientists know that the gut microbiomes of people with obesity, inflammatory bowel disease, and even autism are different from those without. But just because there are gut flora associated with these conditions doesn't mean that getting rid of them can get rid of their symptoms, and it certainly isn't a given that fecal transplants will be the miracle solution they are for  C. difficile.
"There's a lot of promise in other conditions," Smith said, "But also a lot of hype. Treating C. difficile is a bit less sexy, but that's the one area where we know this works." However, he's excited to see where the "crazy frontier" of microbiome engineering will take us.
And in the meantime, Smith is always happy to find more potential donors.
"I never thought that after getting my PhD I'd start mailing poop around," he said, "But here I am."
h/t Free Enterprise

South Africans should be the last people on earth to rise hands on Ethiopians (Share!)

Ethiopia and Ethiopians love South Africa and South African people. It is a true genuine feeling where you can ask any Ethiopian (more than 90 million of us) and  they will tell you in one voice about their feeling for the country and the people.  When South Africa was during the ugly apartheid era, Ethiopia and Ethiopians took the issue too personal felt the pain as their own. As Ethiopia is a symbol of freedom for the whole world, the issue of South Africa was something all Ethiopians opposed in every stage.  For example take for my case,  my visa when it was issued several years ago it was valid Except South Africa because my Ethiopia want her people to protest apartheid and we will not travel where the country who does not give equal access for its people. This was back then, it was history, it was before the eradication on apartheid. We are happy and joyful.

When the South African freedom fighters went prison, killed in freedom fighting, abused and neglected by apartheid we  Ethiopians were feeling their pain, suffering and agony. Ethiopia tried her best to bring the issue of apartheid  to the global stage in ample occasions . Ethiopians  such as King Haile Sillasse I and the father of Confederation  African Football Mr. Yedinekachew Tessema did their best to stop apartheid. The South African apartheid government was banned from AU and CAF . That did not happened by accident  or over night but it was a result of fight for end of apartheid and  because true and genuine love for of the people of South African people.

Even the father of South Africa,  Nilson Mandel said it. Yes, Ethiopia was a free county  who is also fighting for the freedom of other Africans. Yes! Our father Mandel was in Ethiopia to be trained to fight apartheid . Yes he was our ROYAL guest.

Now thank you God South Africa is free and our South African brothers and sisters are free. I know always there are bad apples in the whole crowd. Those bad apples should not deter our love for South Africa and South African people. Remember there could be few thousands of Ethiopians in South Africa but there are  more than 90+ millions Ethiopian all over the world who love South Africa as their own. Take a note here, those 90+ millions Ethiopians   never been in South Africa and will not be in South Africa but we love you all it is not because you have gold or diamond but because you are one of us. We love you when you did not have any thing, that means we are genuine.  

We think South Africa's progress and success as our own. We love you and love us back. South Africans should be the last people on earth to rise their hands on Ethiopians, that will be awkward.


ጁሀንስበርግ ደቡብ አፍሪካ አራት ኢትዮጵያዊያን በጥይት ቆሰሉ

Johannesburg -
Three foreign nationals were shot and injured and a fourth was assaulted in their shop in Nsuze near Dundee, KwaZulu-Natal police said on Friday.
“On Thursday night, 29 January 2015 at about 7.30pm four Ethiopians were in their shop at Bhamshela area at Nsuze when they were attacked by four armed suspects,” said Major Thulani Zwane in a statement.
“Three of the foreigners were shot and wounded and the fourth was badly assaulted by the suspects.”
The attackers fled with an undisclosed amount of money.
The injured victims were taken to hospital.
A case of attempted murder and business robbery had been opened.
Provincial commissioner Lt-Gen Mmamonnye Ngobeni appealed to people to approach police with information about the suspects, he said.
Last week violence, labelled by some as xenophobic, and looting of foreign-owned shops spread from Soweto to Kagiso on the West Rand, Sebokeng in the Vaal, Eden Park in Ekurhuleni and Alexandra, north of Johannesburg.
This was allegedly sparked by the shooting of 14-year-old Siphiwe Mahori in Snake Park, Soweto, last Monday.
Mahori was allegedly part of a group trying to rob a Somalian's shop.
Somali national Alodixashi Sheik Yusuf has appeared in court charged with Mahori's shooting. He will return to court on February 4.
At least nine people have been killed following the shooting of Mahori.
Over 180 other people have been arrested in connection with public violence and possession of stolen property. - Sapa

Dreamline your way from Addis to LA

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Addis-Ababa-Dublin-Los-Angeles/Lights, camera, action – Irish people will soon be able to fly direct to LA thanks to a new arrival on the Irish aviation market, Ethiopian Airlines, writes Catherine Halloran.

The African carrier – which catered for over six million passengers last year – will launch its new Addis Ababa–Dublin–LA flight on June 20 next.

The flight will be the only direct flight connecting Ireland to sub-Saharan Africa and the only direct flight connecting Ireland to Los Angeles.

And not only will you be able to fly direct to LA or Addis Ababa from Dublin, you will also be able to do it in style in the state-of-the-art 787 Dreamliner aircraft.

Thursday, January 29, 2015

ክፍት የስራ ቦታ/Vacancy/Help Wanted

Vacancy/Help Wanted
Ethiotrans.com is the world leading and one of the oldest of African Languages Localization and Translation company offering African languages support to the global community since 1999. Now we want to invite you to be this exciting African Languages Professionals Network.
               Work anytime anywhere as long as you have the skill and internet access   
Areas we cover are
·         Translation
·         Proofreading
·         Editing
·         Software Localization
·         Conference Interpretation
·         Court/Legal  Interpretation
·         Medial Interpretation
·         Phone Interpretation   
·         Voiceover
·         Video and Radio Commercial
·         Film and Cinema Acting
·         Subtitling
·         Closed Captioning
·         Language Instruction & Tutoring
·         Expert Witness
·         Research and Development   
·         Multilingual Desk Top Publishing
·         Graphics Design
·         Multi lingual Web Publishing  
·         Validation
·         Terminology Creation
·         Sales and Marketing
·         Social Media Enabling
·         Cultural and Language Consultant  
 These are partial list of services we offer. Our clients are scattered all over the world. We cover the 7 continents. Now we are inviting you to be part of this exciting  professional network. If you are a native speaker or any African language and fluent in English  you may work for our company. What you need is language skill, reliable internet connection, ability to work and your personal computer. This is a global movement to expand our network to serve the African people more than ever. For more information please visit us http://www.ethiotrans.com      
Partial languages we cover are: 

100 languages  July 9, 2004    
African French
Algerian French
Brazilian Portuguese
Croatian and Bosnian
Djibouti French
French (Canadian)
Kikuyu (Kenya)
Krio (Sierra Leone)
Luganda (Uganda)
Mende (Sierra Leone)
Wolof (Senegal, Gambia)

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

እንቆቅልሽ or Riddles by Fasil Demoz

እንቆቅልሽ or Riddles by Fasil Demoz

One day I was sipping my coffee at Vision Cafe when Tesfahun was holding a poster and several CDs, I asked him what was that and he said it is a new album by Fasil Demoz. I told him  he can put few in my office. Reason? Well I want to contribute to the growth of Ethiopian music, at least that was something I can help. I believe that was what we should do to support this hard working Ethiopian artists. Remember it takes lots of money and sweet to bring one CD to your ear. I know because I have helped several Ethiopian artists. From concept to completion it is a long process. Sometimes it is a life long journey. So I took some of the CDs and displayed them in my store. For my dismay nobody even asked me how much was the CD. Shame:-( Then Tesfahun came one day to collect the CDs and money. Well I sold few on the same day he came and I decided to keep two copies for myself (ORIGINAL).

This happened several months ago. I am not regular music listener. I prefer radio and my kids are not happy about it. When ever we are in the car we fight for the radio channel. They want to listen local radio music channel and I want to listen my favorite NPR news. Since I am the "DAD" and have almost full power in my car and we all listen to the world news BBC.  In my car I have few CDs. The most played one is a Mezmur by Zerfe Kebede . We have two of her CDs and then my new CD by Fasil Demoz. It is a joule of  Ethiopian traditional music.

My kids can  understand few words from Fasil Demoz's album but they know the beats. I see reaction. Now his CD became my only station in my the car. Can you believe we listen Fasil for almost several months non stop? It looks like the  album is made for  the California Highway or Freeway.  Last time we were  driving from San Diego to Los Angeles for 2 hours ((almost 200 KM)) Fasil   was with us. The same when we were  returning from Los Angeles to San Diego. When his songs are playing the road feels smooth and it makes you drive faster and faster until on day our tire went flat in the express way.

From all his songs I have few favorite once. The #8 song is my all time favorite. Reason? It is a  reminder of my childhood life in Debre Markos during Timket. It is called ቻቻ አረፈረፈች. Who ever gave him the lyrics for this song is from my place. It is so beautifully composed when I listen to it I travel by time line way back several years to my hometown. I hope I will not get any traffic  ticket for driving faster or just not moving at all. What a wonderful piece of art.

Yesterday I was just listening to the CD and  I gave extra attention to the lyrics to his song entitled  እንቆቅልሽ or Riddles. This song is the first to play  in his album and even he named the album after this song(እንቆቅልሽ or Riddles). Well, it was so beautiful and it has lots of hidden but important messages. It is a song teaches us the love for our country were we can not wadge or gamble on it to anything else. It is a message trying to send Ethiopia is only one where it is scarce (only one) where we can not gamble for winning or losing.

Everyone who loves Ethiopia should listen to this song, forget about politics but   focuses only on Ethiopia. He said Ethiopia is his eye (vision) means loosing Ethiopia will be like loosing his vision, dream or life. That  is the best  strong message an artist can send for the people. Yes ! he is  right!  We can not put our country for gamble and as he said if we loose it even God will not hear our cry. Yes, the best way is keep our country safe and strong all the time.
If you listened to his songs let me ask you this riddle

"What is something goes bigger when you are going farther?"  The answer is in his album.
This CD will be part of my permanent CD collection. You should too!

Thank you!

Ethiopia says new railway to Djibouti to start in early 2016

By Aaron Maasho
ADDIS ABABA Jan 28 (Reuters) - Ethiopia expects to open a new railway line linking the capital Addis Ababa with the Red Sea state of Djibouti in early 2016, a project at the centre of plans to create new manufacturing industries, the head of the state railways said.
The 700-km (450-mile)line is being built at a cost of $4 billion by China Railway Engineering Corporation (CREC) and China Civil Engineering Construction (CCECC). Ethiopia is seeking to have 5,000 km of new lines working across the country by 2020.
"By October 2015, a considerable portion of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti project will be finished," Getachew Betru, chief executive of the Ethiopian Railways Corporation, told Reuters, adding trains would run soon after. "We will start early 2016."
In addition to the Djibouti line, two others are being built across the country which are among a range of big infrastructure investments that also include new roads and dams to produce hydro-electric power.

የአሜሪካዊቷ ቀዳማዊት እመቤት ሚሼል ኦባማ ፀጉሯን ሳት ሸፈን የሳውዲውን ንጉስ እጅ ጨበጠች። ጎበዝ ብያታለሁ። ምን ሊያመጣ?

(CNN)President Barack Obama and first lady Michelle Obama made a quick stop in Saudi Arabia on Tuesday to pay respects to the late King Abdullah, and to hold meetings with the new leader, King Salman bin Abdulaziz. But one aspect of the encounter stood out to reporters covering the receiving line at the palace: the first lady shook hands with the king.

Islamic law generally forbids men from touching women to whom they are not related. However, that rule is often times overlooked when official diplomatic delegations visit the kingdom.

The White House notes that representatives of the United States, including former Secretaries of State Hillary Clinton and Madeleine Albright, along with German Chancellor Angela Merkel have all visited the Saudi king, and have all shaken hands with members of the Saudi royal family.

READ: Is Obama-Modi 'bromance' a turning point?

Islamic experts also point to another central theme of Islam: hospitality. When one is a guest in someone's home, they are treated as family.

Obama also did not cover her head, eschewing strict religious and cultural customs in Saudi Arabia, where women wear a full-body garment called an abaya and cover their heads with a hijab or the more conservative niqab, which has only a slit for the eyes.

Obama's predecessor Laura Bush also did not cover her head during her 2007 solo visit to Saudi Arabia and neither did Hillary Clinton during a 2010 trip to the kingdom as Secretary of State. Another former secretary of state, Condoleeza Rice, also did not cover her head as she joined the U.S. delegation in Saudi Arabia on Tuesday.

But the U.S. State Department advises other American women visiting the country that they could face problems if they don't cover their heads.

"Women who choose not to conform to this dress code face a risk of confrontation by Mutawwa (religious police) and possible detention/arrest," the State Department says on its website. "While most incidents have resulted only in inconvenience or embarrassment, the potential exists for an individual to be arrested, physically harmed, or deported."

Additionally, female tourists who don't abide by the dress code or sidestep other religious laws -- like walking in public unaccompanied or mingling with men who aren't relatives -- risk being harassed, pursued or assaulted by Saudi citizens, the State Department warns.

Pool reporters traveling with the President on Air Force One, also pointed out that in the receiving line at the airport in Saudi Arabia - a more open setting than the palace -- Michelle Obama stood next to but slightly behind the President, and held a small black clutch purse in front of her with both hands.

Reporters say they noticed that Mrs. Obama waited for a gesture to be made to her by the men who walked by, and if the man initiated a handshake, she smiled and shook their hand. If not, both she and the man politely smiled and nodded heads.

Perceived problems of etiquette have come up before with the first lady. In 2009 during her first meeting with Queen Elizabeth in Britain, she drew headlines when she hugged the monarch. British tabloids picked up on the embrace, and some noted that etiquette wasn't followed, because people aren't supposed to touch the queen. However, other outlets quickly noted that the queen returned the hug.

SEE ALSO: Why the alleged Russian spy ring matters

President Obama has had his fair share of criticism as well. Critics took issue when he bowed in front of Saudi King Abdullah at a G20 meeting in 2009, and again for bowing to the Japanese Emperor Akihito. Although, aides at the time told CNN on condition of anonymity that, "It wasn't a bow. He grasped his hand with two hands, and he's taller than King Abdullah."

Former Vice President Dick Cheney was one of Obama's most vocal critics and said an American leader should never bow to anyone. However, a State Department spokesperson at the time told CNN that, "It's a natural response of the President the first time he meets the Japanese head of state, to show a sign of respect."

Obama defends Saudi relationship: 'Sometimes we have to balance'

CNN's Jeremy Diamond contributed to this report.

Monday, January 26, 2015

Experts Decide Ethiopia Has Best Coffee (VOA)

An international group of coffee experts has rated Ethiopia’s coffee as the best in the world. Coffee is a top export for the country. But at home, it is a source of national pride. Ethiopians feel good about their coffee, and enjoying a drink with friends is a longstanding tradition.
International coffee experts travel the world to find the best tasting cup of coffee. They keep returning to Ethiopia. Some people say the climate produces quality beans. Morton Wennersgarrd is a coffee importer.
You have different ancient varieties referred to as Ethiopian heirdom. They are grown in places with perfect soil, perfect altitude, and micro climates that are really suitable for coffee processing, such as drying and things like that.”

Russian icon museum showcases Ethiopian art

CLINTON – The items on display in the Museum of Russian Icons have become legendary, part of the largest collection in North America.

Other cultures, however, have icons in their traditions, and through April 18, icons from the African nation of Ethiopia will be featured in an exhibit called "The Vibrant Art and Storied History of Ethiopian Icons."

The exhibit features 60 icons and artifacts, most borrowed from a private collection in Europe. At least one featured icon may remain behind, as museum founder Gordon Lankton eyed it as a possible addition to the museum's collection.

The icons are very different from the Russian styles.

Influences from Europe and the Middle East combined with Ethiopian culture create a different look, exhibit curator Marc Loerke said.

The general themes are largely the same. But Ethiopian icons add in more stories, such as that of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, whose son, Menilik, played a role in Ethiopia adopting Judaism. Later, Christianity took hold as monks arrived and missions were established.

The Ark of the Covenant is reputed to be in Ethiopia, brought back by Menilik from Jerusalem after a visit to his father, and protected by monks in Ethiopia since.

"It was very important for them that the Ark was brought back to Ethiopia," Loerke said.

On display are numerous icons, manuscripts featuring colorful illustrations and crosses, including metal and carved examples.

"Ethiopian culture is one of the oldest Christian cultures in Africa," Loerke said, with churches dating back to the 11th and 12th centuries.

The icons are part of the history of Ethiopia, he said, but feature "things you won't see in other Orthodox lands like Russia."

He pointed out one large example copied from a 9th-century woodcut Jesuits brought from Rome. It was copied as a standard image, complete with an error showing four fingers on one hand. The example on display was painted in the 18th century.

Ethiopians developed their own style, Loerke said, including preferred colors and showing people in profile. The images show the influence of Coptic and Byzantine icons brought back from pilgrimages to Jerusalem.

Despite the nation's people being dark-skinned, light-skinned portrayals dominate the works; over time, that was explained as white being the color of purity.

The images, from icons to manuscripts, feature bold figures and bright colors, some reminiscent of typical African style.

And a patron of an icon might be found in the work itself, usually lying down in the image.

Manuscripts and magic scrolls (prayer scrolls) feature an early Ethiopian language, Ge'ez, according to Laura Garrity-Arquitt of the museum. The language, once the official language of the Kingdom of Aksum, is now used primarily for liturgical purposes.

Ethiopian icons, which developed in the 16th century, were found in monasteries, churches and the homes of the wealthy.

Illuminated manuscripts and magic scrolls, however, brought the images into nearly every Christian household. Examples include manuscripts and carved images to be carried, often in boxes hung from the neck.

The exhibit runs through April 18 at the museum, 203 Union St., Clinton. The museum is open Tuesday through Friday from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m., Thursday until 7 p.m. and Saturdays 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Admission is $10 for adults, $7 for seniors and $5 for children.

Is Teddy Afro's Restaurant and Fine Wine inspired by his Tam Tararam Album or it is his and his wife's initial ?

Is Teddy Afro's Restaurant and Fine Wine inspired by  his Tam Tararam Album or it is his and his wife's initial ? 

የዙው (zoo) ነብር ፎቶ ሊያነሳው የቀረበውን ልጅ አንገቱን ቆረጠው

The white tiger at delhi zoo attacked and killed a student, studying in 12th class.
The incident happened like this way, the boy jumped into the tiger's cage thinking the tiger is not their or far away. But as he jumped, the tiger instantly stood infront of him. The boy was in fear very much and the public standing outside the cage started throwing pebbles at the tiger. This irritated the tiger and he attacked the boy & carried him away from their by holding his neck.
The neck tore off & the boy was died.

Can Ethiopia’s Resource Wealth Contribute to its Growth and Transformation?

ADDIS ABABA, January 26, 2015 – Ethiopia has averaged a 10.7% economic growth rate over the last 10 years, more than double the annual average of countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, which was around 5.2%. However, despite having a huge potential to contribute to Ethiopia’s economy, the development of oil, gas, and mineral resources are not among the key drivers of the country’s growth.
Although the country has geological potential for the discovery of new, sizeable oil, gas and mineral deposits, most of its extractive industry is still in its infancy stage. Currently, there is one large-scale gold mine in operation, while a growing number of large mining projects are under development and exploration for oil and natural gas is intensifying after significant discoveries in neighboring countries. Ethiopia also has an extensive and unique artisanal mining sector; the government estimates there are around 1 million miners, making it an important source of job creation, and an important source of foreign currency.
Open Quotes
In 2012, the Ethiopian mining sector accounted for 19% of the country’s exports revenues- mainly from artisanally mined gold- while in comparison, coffee, Ethiopia’s largest export commodity, generated 26% in export revenues. Close Quotes
World Bank Group Washington, DC, 2014
Strategic Assessment of the Ethiopian Mineral Sector

The report notes that resource wealth can potentially have a positive impact on the social and economic development of Ethiopia if the industry is developed and managed in a sustainable and transparent manner, following international good practices.
So what can Ethiopia do to ensure that its resource wealth contributes to sustainable development? The report highlights the following recommendations:
  • Obtain good-quality geo-data and put in place an effective data management system: To to manage and plan for the industry, the government needs to know what is actually in the ground. Effective acquisition, maintenance and dissemination of geo-data can help to attract investment and can help governments to make informed decisions and negotiate more effectively. Currently, only 74% of Ethiopia is mapped at a low-quality scale.
  • Put in place an effective management system and a governance framework: This will ensure that the benefits are distributed as fair and widely as possible, and social and environmental risks are minimized:Ethiopia was admitted as a candidate country to the Global Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) in  March 2014,one step towards that goal.
  • Diversification of Ethiopia’s economy and facilitation of economic linkages to avoid heavy dependency on the resource wealth: The linkages that are being created between the potash and agricultural industries in the Afar Region is just one example of potential economic partnerships; supporting the production of potash fertilizers in order to increase small holder farmer’s crop production.
  • Balance short-term and long-term development priorities, and reinvest the resource wealth into productive investments including high-quality health and education
Past experiences of other resource-rich countries provide a roadmap that can inform Ethiopia’s decision-making as the government start to put institutions, policies and laws in place to ensure that resource wealth contributes to sustainable development.
Developing the untapped potential of the extractive industry is not without its challenges, which include the possibility of increased corruption and the need to manage the potentially significant social and environmental impacts. Recognizing this, the WBG, along with other development partners, have joined together to support Ethiopia’s efforts to develop the industry in a clear and viable way.
 “As highlighted in the study, if well managed and well supported, the Ethiopian mineral sector has the potential to make a difference in the economic development of Ethiopia and to contribute to the poverty reduction agenda,” said Christian Moller, WBG lead economist. “This will require a strong public sector. As the World Bank Group, we are committed to contribute to this process.”

In October 2014, the WBG and the Ministry of Mines jointly organized the 2014 Ethiopia Extractive Industries Forum, one of the major recent initiatives. It was organized with support from other key partners such as the UNDP, the Australian Government, Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (Canada), UK Department for International Development (DFID), and the African Minerals Development Center (AMDC). The event, the first of its kind, was held to help raise awareness about opportunities and challenges in the extractive industry, as well as to share good practices for its sustainable management. It included a broad-based representation of stakeholders with about 120 participants from industry, government, development partners, and civil society.
 The forum also provided the opportunity to discuss the findings of the “Strategic Assessment of the Ethiopian Mineral Sector” study, which was jointly published by the Ministry of Mines and other development partners. The report represents the first comprehensive assessment of the Ethiopian mining industry, examining the primary opportunities and challenges for growth and transformation in mining, while also providing an initial analysis of policy options for Ethiopian decision makers.
“In today’s global village the Ethiopian government by itself cannot overcome the challenges facing the mining sector,” said His Excellency Ato Tolosa Shagi, Minister of the Ministry of Mines, in his opening speech during the forum. “Therefore, we would like to underpin our co-operation with development partners and best performing countries in the areas of building up the indigenous expertise with more emphasis in regulating the mineral and oil and gas resources to properly administer contracts as we are dealing with nonrenewable natural resources.”
The WBG is providing technical assistance to the Ethiopian government to support them in translating the recommendations of the report to build a competitive, predictable, and responsible strategy, legislative and institutional framework for the Oil, Natural Gas and Mining industry. This will allow the Ethiopian government to conclude better deals for the extraction on their oil and mineral resources in a way that maximizes the benefits to the country, reducing the risk of costly or politically difficult remediation at later stages. It is supported by the Extractive Industries Technical Advisory Facility (EI-TAF), a demand driven multi-donor trust fund. The EI-TAF will be launched in the beginning of 2015 and will help to structure extractive industry development projects and related policies.

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